brochure outlines the mandatory elements of experience
that are necessary to meet the registration requirements
and the voluntary elements that will enable you to grow
beyond those standards after registration.
the responsibility for professional development is meant
to be a joint task of the candidates, supervisors, mentors
and employers, candidates must assume the primary role
in ensuring that they get the appropriate experience. The
management of one's own career has become increasingly
important as job security has declined, short-term contract
work has increased and the possibility of being supervised
by a non-professional is growing.
brochure should be shared and discussed with those you
work for, preferably even prior to accepting a position,
to ensure that the position has the requisite elements.
Of course, having the right elements of experience in a
position and following the advice in this brochure does
not guarantee that you will meet the registration requirements.
Of equal importance to APEGGA's Board of Examiners (the
Board) is how well you carry out your responsibilities
and this will be confirmed by the references you nominate
when you apply for professional membership.
should be no surprises. This brochure is designed to let
you know what the Board's expectations are. The Professional
Members you will be working for have a responsibility to
keep you apprised of how you are performing and what you
can do to improve. Performance review by professionals
is a critical element in the registration process and your
choice of references is therefore very important. The references
must be candid with the Board about your performance without
undue concern for whether their comments may delay your
registration. There will be obvious differences of opinion
between members as to what the standards of performance
should be and how the candidate is performing to those
standards, but the Board tries to balance such differences
in coming up with a reasonable decision.
you meet the academic requirements, the issue of what constitutes
acceptable experience can be simplified by asking yourself "Have
I been applying the scientific principles that I have learned?" Subject
to the need to be working to North American standards,
if you can confidently say "Yes", then you can be more
confident that you have been practicing engineering, geology
or geophysics. The acceptance of your experience will then
rest on the Board's evaluation of quantity and content,
and the references' opinions concerning your performance.
you do not meet the academic requirements, the issue of
experience is particularly important because the details
of your experience may affect the examination assessment.
you meet academic requirements or not, careful documentation
of all experience is essential, but in the latter case
it is particularly important since the Board may reduce
the number of examinations assessed on the basis of qualifying
The chart represents
the paths that may be followed by various candidates in
trying to meet APEGGA's requirements. Generally speaking,
once the academic requirements have been met, the meeting
of the experience, law & ethics, English language and
character criteria may proceed more or less concurrently.
you have a degree in engineering, geology or geophysics
and have met the academic requirements by virtue of accreditation
or passing confirmatory examinations. APEGGA requires at
least four years of experience acceptable to the Board.
In general, this experience must be obtained after completion
of the academic requirements. However, the Board may award
up to 6 months of credit for qualifying pre-degree summer,
co-op or intern work or technology experience.
you do not have a degree in engineering, geology or geophysics
and have met the academic requirements by passing APEGGA
course-by-course examinations or University equivalents,
a total of at least 8 years of experience acceptable to
the Board is required. At least one of these 8 years must
be obtained after completion of the examinations.
you do not fully meet the academic requirements, and have
been assessed examinations the Board may consider a reduction
in examinations on the basis of extensive high quality
experience and evidence of outstanding technical ability.
If you have been assessed confirmatory examinations, this
option will be considered if you have a minimum of 10 years
acceptable experience, although more may be required depending
on the quality of the experience. If you have been assessed
examinations on a course-by-course basis, at least 6 years
of acceptable experience is necessary before any reduction
of examinations might be considered.
Board will evaluate whether your experience contains the
following five elements.
of Technical Theory
of Management Skills
of Communication Skills
of the Understanding of the Societal Implications of the
You must show
evidence of a significant expenditure of time on the application
of technical theory and of practical experience. Ours are
technical professions and demand that you show technical
proficiency. Exposure to management skills, development
of oral and written communication skills and the understanding
of the societal implications of what you do will be considered
as integral to the learning experience but requiring lesser
exposure. These last three will take on a much greater
significance as your career develops.
of the above five elements have subcomponents that vary
in the degree to which they must be evident in your experience.
The following paragraphs detail these subcomponents.
application of technical theory must include selecting
solutions and problem solving, preparing and checking of
designs or interpretations, showing evidence of sound technical
judgement and practices, and in general showing familiarity
with the use and application of pertinent technologies,
procedures, systems and programs. It may include
becoming familiar with the collection, analysis and understanding
of information and data. However, data collection and analysis
should not be the major component of your assigned tasks
for a significant period of time.
experience must include exposure to work site operations,
developing a recognition of limitations in designs, interpretations
or recommendations, and the understanding of the application
of pertinent Codes and Regulations. It may include
acquiring an understanding of the interdependence of disciplines,
systems and activities, and developing working relationships.
development of management skills must include managing
personal and project resources, involvement in planning,
scheduling, budgeting and cost control, developing team
skills, understanding professional and business ethics,
and keeping appropriate records. It may include
developing an understanding of corporate structure, legal
aspects of contracts, quality assurance programs and cost
of good oral and written communication skills is essential
for a good professional. Your experience must show
evidence of the preparation of written technical reports
and of making oral presentations to management, peers or
interaction between the professions and society have become
very much an issue of public scrutiny. Your experience must show
evidence of acquaintance with such matters as safeguards
and benefits to the public, and the roles and responsibilities
of regulatory agencies in your specific field of professional
regard to the last three elements of experience, APEGGA
expects candidates to take seminars or courses to fulfill
the requirements in preparation for more responsible positions
even if the early positions do not require them.
expects you to be supervised by a Professional Member of
APEGGA or another provincial or territorial association.
If you are unable to receive supervision on the job from
a professional member on staff, you will need assistance
from a professional member outside the company who will
evaluate the technical content of your work. This professional
must spend enough time in discussion with you and in reviewing
your work to become comfortable with its quality in order
to respond confidently to the Board about your capabilities
when a reference is sought. In addition, all plans, specifications,
reports or documents of a professional nature authored
by a Member-In-Training require supervision by a professional
Member who assumes professional responsibility.
mentor is not a mandatory requirement but having a mentor
may be of considerable help in your development. A mentor
is often defined as a trusted counselor or guide. He or
she may also be your supervisor. He or she should be an
experienced professional member of APEGGA or an equivalent
organization. There may be advantages in having a mentor
in the same discipline as long as the focus of discussions
is not exclusively technical. A mentor from within the
company may be able to enhance your potential for advancement,
but an external perspective can be both refreshing and
helpful. Whether from inside or outside the company, the
mentor can serve many roles.
mentor will be able to discuss the important aspects of
assigned tasks, both from a procedural and technical point
of view although he/she is not to take responsibility for
the work. He or she can provide a sympathetic ear to your
needs and non-judgmental advice when required. Needless
to say, a mentor should be an example of professional excellence.
He or she will have extensive experience with and knowledge
of organizations and their operations, procedures and objectives.
A mentor should be able to give advice and direction, and
should be aware of current changes, developments and trends
another perspective on the pros and cons of mentoring you
may wish to read "Beyond the Myths and Magic of Mentoring",
by Margo Murray, Jossey-Bass Inc. Publishers. It focuses
on the mentor, rather than the line supervisor, as the
leader in the candidate's professional development.
OF EXAMINERS GUIDELINES
following clarifies what the Board generally considers
to be acceptable for specific types of experience.
American Work Standards - the Board expects that
you are performing to North American technical and ethical
standards and codes. Working for North American companies
overseas, or for International organizations whose standards
meet those of North American jurisdictions, may be acceptable
but you will have to show evidence of equivalent standards.
The Board must also be convinced that candidates with
training and experience in warmer climates have been
exposed to and understand the effects that the colder
Canadian climate has on the practice of their profession.
Graduate Degrees Experience credit for post graduate
degrees in engineering, geology or geophysics will not
normally exceed a maximum of 50% of the four years experience
requirement. No experience credit will normally be granted
for a post graduate degree that is not in engineering,
geology or geophysics.
credit will only be granted for post graduate degrees at
CEAB/ABET accredited institutions. The post graduate degree
must be in the same branch of engineering, geology or geophysics
as the undergraduate degree to be considered. If the post
graduate degree is not from a CEAB/ABET accredited institution,
no experience credit will be granted for the post graduate
degree nor will that degree exempt you from having to write
assessed confirmatory examinations.
your undergraduate degree is not from a CEAB/ABET, or MRA
accredited university program but your post graduate degree
is from a CEAB/ABET accredited institution, the Board will
normally look to exempt you from confirmatory examinations
after a review of your transcripts. In this situation,
if confirmatory examinations are waived the experience
credit granted for the post graduate degree will automatically
be reduced by six months.
credits will not automatically be granted upon completion
of an advanced degree but must be requested via the application
for professional registration submitted to APEGGA. In order
to request experience credits for post graduate academic
studies, the following additional information must be submitted:
title page, abstract page, recommendation and conclusion
portion of thesis or project report.
letter of recommendation from your thesis supervisor which
includes a statement about the engineering experience and
engineering contribution of the research as reported in
the degree is the only North American experience you possess,
the Board may ask for additional experience beyond the
post graduate studies experience.
acceptable experience - there are many types of experience
that may be given full credit, but the following list
represents those for which additional documentation will
be required. Such documentation must confirm the percentage
of time spent on the technical aspects of the professions
and provide evidence that the principles of engineering
or geoscience are being applied. Orientation programs,
administration and management may also be acceptable
forms of experience if conducted in an engineering or
geoscience environment. However, it will be to your advantage
if your experience is not exclusively in any one of the
administration or management . construction
of production . technology school teaching
or inspection of construction . well logging
or commissioning of plant . geophysical
examination and filing . geoscience field
service . geological sample description
. drafting . stratigraphic
or economic studies . site geology
programming or systems analysis . post graduate
studies in other fields
your experience is in one of the preceding areas, the amount
of credit you receive may be subject to a reduction factor
if the work does not contain significant elements of the
application of engineering or geoscience principles, or
if the work is not being performed at a high enough level.
At the discretion of the Board, additional experience may
be required beyond the four year requirement to ensure
that the quality of experience is equivalent to that of
someone whose work does contain sufficient application
of engineering or geoscience principles.
IN A DISCIPLINE DIFFERENT THAN THE DEGREE
your experience is in a discipline different than your
degree (eg. a mechanical engineering graduate who is working
in the petroleum engineering field), the Board in its discretion
may require you to obtain additional experience beyond
the four year requirement to ensure that the quality of
experience is equivalent to that of someone working within
the specialty of their degree.
OUTSIDE THE FIELD OF THE DEGREE
your experience is in a field other than your degree (eg.
a geology graduate who is employed in the engineering field)
depending on the APEGGA designation being sought, the Board
in its discretion may either require you to obtain substantial
academic upgrading, or require you to obtain additional
experience beyond the four year requirement, or both, to
ensure that the quality of experience is equivalent to
that of someone who has clearly related education and experience.
are four good reasons to carefully document your experience.
First you will need detailed information on your experience
in order to convince the Board of Examiners that you have
been practicing engineering, geology or geophysics. Second,
if you are working in a remote area without close professional
supervision, or if your supervision comes from a professional
outside the company whom you see infrequently, it will
be essential to have good documentation. Third, some jurisdictions
in Canada, which provide the same functions as APEGGA,
demand a log book of your experience. If you expect to
move or want the flexibility to be able to move, it is
a good idea to maintain a detailed diary. Finally, after
you are registered as a Professional Member there is a
mandatory requirement, as part of the Continuing Professional
Development Program, that you document any developmental
programs that have enabled you to maintain your competence.
Starting to document your experience and developmental
programs early in your career is a good habit. The Continuing
Professional Development Guideline will be provided to
you upon registration.
on the first reason for documentation, the Board of Examiners
needs evidence that you have experience in the five elements
mentioned earlier i.e. that you have sufficient experience
at a fully professional level. The Board requires information
on position titles, job descriptions, specific assignments
and responsibilities, values, successes, degrees of independence
and initiative needed ,and evidence of increasing levels
of responsibility. It may be useful to break down the information
into meaningful time (no less than 6 months) or project
segments with no more than a page dedicated to each segment.
A typical resume doesn’t usually provide the detail required.
A separate listing of the professional development courses
and seminars taken will be needed.
you have been advised by the Board of Examiners that you
have been registered as a Professional Member you will
be invited to a Member Induction Ceremony. These ceremonies,
which are conducted in various locations around the province,
were introduced for the first time in 1995. At the ceremony
you will be introduced to the Professions by your sponsor,
usually one of the members you nominated as a reference,
and you will be asked to repeat an oath. Attendance is
voluntary but it is hoped that the Induction Ceremony will
become accepted as a meaningful recognition of a major
milestone in the development of Professional Engineers,
Geologists and Geophysicists.
Revised October 1999