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Sugar, or sucrose, is a carbohydrate that occurs naturally in every fruit and vegetable in the plant kingdom. It is the major product of photosynthesis, the process by which plants transform the sun's energy into food. Sugar occurs in greatest quantities in sugar cane and sugar beets from which it is separated for commercial use.

· 148,000 tons of sugar is produced in one day around the world.

· Common table salt is made up of Sodium Chloride and has been used for many years as a valuable preserving agent and flavour enhancer.

· Sodium is found in body fluids and plays a role in maintaining water balance within the body, helping nerves to function and muscles to contract.

· 551,000 tons of salt is harvested in the world every day.

· In some places in Africa, where salt is scare, it has been used for money.

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