|Page 6||National Survey Finds More Women Entering Engineering in Canada|
The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (CCPE) conducted a national survey of the Canadian engineering profession in the Spring and Summer of 1997.
The purpose of the survey was to gather up-to-date information on the demographics of the engineering profession in Canada. This information will help CCPE and its constituent associations/ordre, as well as engineering deans, government and other concerned stakeholders, to enhance the standards for admission into the profession and the practice of engineering, support academic planning, assist in policy decisions (e.g., with respect to immigration, recruitment, training, trade and competitiveness), promote science and engineering, facilitate career planning, identify emerging disciplines, and respond to current trends.
The survey was conducted under the direction of the Canadian Engineering Human Resources Board (CEHRB), a standing committee of CCPE. Survey questionnaires, one per license held, were mailed to approximately 165,768 members of CCPEs 12 constituent associations/ordre, including approximately 161,000 professional and in-training engineers and 4,700 geoscientists. More than 41,000 completed questionnaires (25 per cent) were returned to CCPE The returned questionnaires were processed by Goss Gilroy Inc., a survey consulting firm. An evaluation study revealed that a statistically valid sample of members was obtained for all major categories (e.g., age, gender, discipline) in each of the 12 constituent association jurisdictions.
The key findings contained in the National Survey of the Canadian Engineering Profession Summary of Findings report, which was published by CCPE in Dec. 1998, represent the interpretation of trends identified through the survey, additional supplementary data sources, and past studies. The survey represents a snap-shot of the engineering profession in Canada in 1997. However, the analysis assumes that longitudinal (time series) trends can be derived from information provided by engineers of differing ages. For example, the survey found that a high percentage of senior engineers are involved in supervisory and management tasks, which implies that engineering careers eventually include increased levels of supervisory or management responsibilities. Future surveys will be used to test and verify the initial findings developed through this analysis.
The key findings are:
CCPE is the national organization of the 12 provincial and territorial associations/ordre that govern the practice of engineering in Canada and license the countrys 160,000 professional engineers. The Council serves the associations/ordre, which are its constituent and sole members, by delivering national programs that ensure the highest standard of engineering education, professional qualifications and ethical conduct.
CEHRB was established by CCPE in 1972. It studies the academic and professional profiles of professional engineers and serves as the "horizon watcher" for the profession. CEHRB gathers information on how and where engineers are employed and what skills they utilize. This information is used in the planning of engineering human resource requirements. The primary objective of the 1997 survey was to develop an initial profile of the engineering profession that will be updated periodically in the future.
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